Αιγαίου & Τήνου, Παραλία Άκρατας, Ακράτα, 25006, Ελλάδα

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16 Mar

Kalavryta

Kalavryta is a mountain town of Achaia. It is built on the slopes of Aroania (Helmos) at 750 meters above sea level. Forming seat of the municipality and its population according to the 2001 census is 1,747 residents.

Kalavrita is built on the site of the ancient Arcadian city Kynetha or Kynetha. The name Kalavryta (good taps) seem to have acquired the Frankish the 13th century AD when they were located in one of the 12 baronies of the Principality of Achaia by the first Baron Othon de Tournay who built the castle on the ruins of the acropolis of ancient Kynetha. In the French version of the Chronicle of Morea referred to as Calovrate.14

14To 1430 Kalavryta are located in one of the three independent Byzantine principalities (despot) which is now divided the Peloponnese, the first despot Thomas Palaeologus. Two years later the despotism of Kalavryta takes Constantine Palaeologus, who maintains this position until 1443.

Kalavryta both participated in the revolution of 1770 and 1821. In the first case, the metropolitan of Old Patras Parthenius declared local uprising [1] and in 1821 the monastery of Agia Lavra in Kalavryta also declared the revolution from Palaion Patron Germanos and the chieftains of the Peloponnese who had gathered there (see. Praise and Agia Lavra).

Kalavryta the war against the Turks already taking place from mid-March 1821, culminating in the occupation of the city on March 21, 1821. Because of their leading role in the revolution of 1821, Kalavryta torched twice by Ibrahim troops, the 1826 and 1827.

In the administrative division of 1836 Kalavryta referred to Kynetha name.

Kalavryta been one of the regions of Greece experienced the hardest way German reprisals during the occupation. On December 13, 1943 the German occupying army executed almost all the male population of Kalavryta and burned the town. For the number of victims and survivors of the massacre of December 13, but the total number of victims of the invasion of the Germans in the area, they have been at times contradictory numbers. [2]. Most reports refer to more than 700 dead. Kalavryta is currently featured martyr village.

kalavrita_xionodromiko_kentro_all_inclusive_skiKalavryta today are tourist attraction especially during the winter as they have one of the best winter tourism infrastructure in Greece mainly because of the ski center located there. The ski center of Kalavryta is one of the largest in Greece. Notable destinations in Kalavryta also two historic monasteries of Agia Lavra and the Great Cave, as well as the Cave of Lakes near Kastria village and the gorge Vouraikos river that crosses the famous rack railway.

The rack railway was opened in 1895 and was built to link rail Diakopto to Kalavryta. He was one of the hardest projects on time due to the very difficult terrain, and the high altitude at which ended as the cog railway is the most mountainous of Greece. To overcome these difficulties rail constructed by the technique of the tooth on which the train is hooked on the rails on tracks the slope exceeding the 10%. The railroad runs through the gorge Vouraikos passing a large length of tunnels and bridges, covering a total distance of 22 kilometers. Still used today for tourist tour in one of the most beautiful train routes in Greece.